Composting as a Solid Waste management solution | Biochest organic waste converter
A major problem in modern society is dealing with is waste management. To put it quite simply, what do we do with the waste we create? There is a growing concern being placed on the three major R’s: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Composting at present, provides us with a way to accomplish all three R’s. Through composting, the total amount of garbage that is sent to landfills are reduced, the organic matter is reused, instead of being dumped and it is recycled into useful nutrients for the soil.
Learning from nature
Natural ecosystems have shown us a tried and true method to break down organic materials into useful end-products. Through the use of decomposers found within the food chain, nature’s organic waste is broken down into humus, which is the most important component of soil.
A renewed interest
Composting is a method that harnesses the natural process of decomposition in order to speed up the decay of waste. Composting itself dates back to the start of agriculture, many years ago. Today however, many find composting an art as much as it is a science. At present, concerns about managing wastes and producing food in an environmentally sound manner has led to a renewed interest in developing large-scale municipal and commercial composting systems.
In order to design successful composting systems, there is a need to understand certain biological, chemical and physical processes like the movement of air, uptake of carbon and nitrogen and the process of heat production and transfer. School goers can be a part of the process of gathering scientific information about composting, whether their results are applied in their own home, school or by industry. At the same time, students should be encouraged to engage in hands-on composting activities. These opportunities provide them with a deeper understanding of the many scientific processes and disciplines involved in the composting process.
The study of waste production and managements leads to interdisciplinary study and school composting provides an opportunity for real-world problem solving, with cooperative learning groups. It can also motivate students to engage in traditional ‘science’ experiences. Students also gain an awareness of a person’s role in the world today, as they learn how waste is produced and how waste can also be reduced. Finally, through the creation of compost systems, students are given a way to decrease their environmental impact, which is always a good thing in the long run.