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The process of obtaining the compost
Decomposition is merely the breakdown of waste materials. In specific, it is the physical and biochemical breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler organic and inorganic particles. Compost is the final product in this process.
The food, and other domestic wastes that makes the compost in our homes for the farm and gardening purposes, go through the following process. The microorganisms in the soil act on the complex carbon components of the wastes into simpler molecules. Most of the organic compounds that are readily broken down include sugars and amino acids. Some of the inorganic compounds such as resins and waxes form the domestic waste (fresh residue) makes it difficult for the microbes to breakdown.
Out of the constituents, the collectively formed material is the humus.
Microbes that assist in the composting process
Bacteria play the primary role in producing the compost. They help with the process at initial stages when the soil is in damp or moist conditions. In the later stage’s fungi dominates in the decomposing process.
Since the composting happens with the place of oxygen, composting machines like VNS Enviro’s “Elegant” has tailor made conditions to sustain the microbes in an optimum point. This makes decomposition rapid with an efficient end product.
Conventionally, every house with farm, garden or rearing cattle maintains a pit like structure in their backyard. These are formally called the “trench composting””. These composting pits are the place where the process occurs naturally. After arranging the soil line up with the sorting of wet and dry organic matter, microbes and earthworms start acting on the organic wastes. Although it takes time the formation of compost, this is the classic method of composting our waste materials in our homes.
In today’s, fast paced world, and due to space constraints, the composting bins are used to obtain same optimum result of composting to compost our waste materials in our homes.
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